February 28, 2017 at 2:32 PM
Car tyres are the only parts of a car that are in contact with the road. Therefore, they go through a lot; from sharp breaking, hitting dreaded potholes and high speeds. If your tyres are worn out, there will be insufficient friction between them and the road, making your car slide across some surfaces. As a driver, here are some things you should always check to maintain your tyres for as long as possible.
Air pressure in your tyres is very important in many ways from fuel consumption to braking capacity. Filling your tyres to the recommended pressure in your car manual will ensure your tyres maintain grip to the road, preventing any loss of control. It is unsafe to over or under inflate your tyres because it diminishes the contact with the road and may lead to tyre burst. It may also reduce the cushioning effect, putting the tyres at the risk of abrasive wear and tear. One should aim at checking the tyre pressure after every two weeks. This also includes the spare tyre.
Your car's weight usually changes from the front to the rear due to the engine, as well as, the passengers' weight. By norm, most cars carry more weight in the front; therefore, the front tyres wear out faster. Rotation of tyres will slow down the rate at which individual tyres wear. In fact, the rotation should be done after every 8,000 to 10,000 km.
Once you replace your tyres, checking the alignment and balancing is important as it influences the rate of ageing, use and handling of the tyres. If either the balance or alignment is not right, the car may start vibrating or pulling to one side without any apparent reason. Re-aligning tyres corrects your car's suspension and steering, and in turn, ensures your tyres are properly aligned with the car's axles. This also significantly reduces fuel consumption. To avoid a shift in alignment, you should avoid hitting kerbs and drive over potholes.
Tread is the part of the tyre that connects to the road and removes water during wet weather to increase the grip. The legal tread depth ranges in different countries, from 1.6mm in the United Kingdom to 3.0 in most other European and American countries. Once the tyre reaches these depths, it is important to consider replacing them. Past these depths, the car is no longer roadworthy, and the driver may be charged for this.
Tyre shines not only make your tyres look better, but also serve as a booster for them to endure the damaging effects of UV rays. They also make the rubber supple preventing cracking and failure. It is, however, important to get the recommended tyre products because the use of the wrong ones leads to cracks on the sidewalls of the tyres.
In general, healthy tyre conditions are crucial in many ways. It is, therefore, important to regularly check your tyres for punctures, tread wears, damaged rims and wheel alignment and get the problems fixed as early as possible.